The Ultimate Guide To Dental Crowns

Excerpt: Dental crowns are a commonly used dental solution and they have been around for multiple millennia (literally).

Facts About Dental Crowns!

  • Crowns may be used when a singular tooth has been damaged.
  • The first dental crown dated back to almost 4,000 years ago!
  • Ceramic dental crowns weren’t used until the 20th century.

Dental crowns are a commonly used dental solution and they have been around for multiple millennia (literally). 4,000 years ago they were using crowns, in fact, they were even using gold crowns on their teeth just like we do today! Now we have a lot more options for crown materials and considerably better ways to lessen or get rid of any pain that may occur.

What Are Dental Crowns?

Crowns are artificially made caps for teeth that have been severely damaged, ether by significant tooth decay, or trauma. These replacement caps are artificially made out of common dental materials such as, but not including, gold or ceramic. The material is formed & shaped to appear as a natural tooth. 

How Are Dental Crowns (Caps) Placed In The Mouth?

People tend to be nervous about getting caps for their teeth, however, the surgery is very simple, painless, and straightforward!
  1. The original tooth that was damaged is preserved as much as possible to create a base for the crown. 
  2. Once the proper shape and size for the base have been achieved, the crown will be fitted onto it.
  3. A super-strong dental adhesive will be used to secure the crown to the base.
  4. For the final step, regular checkups to ensure the structural integrity of the crown.

Who Needs A Dental Crown?

There can be multiple reasons for someone needing a crown, here are a few:
  • Protecting a tooth
  • Restoring a broken tooth
  • Covering and supporting a tooth
  • Covering misshapen or severely discolored teeth
  • Covering a dental implant.
  • Covering a tooth that’s been treated with a root canal.

Are Dental Crowns Common?

Dental crowns are very common, lots of patients come in with impacted teeth that can still be saved. A dentist will almost always try to save as much of the original tooth as they can, a crown allows them to do that.

What are onlays and 3/4 crowns?

Not all situations will require the crown to cover the entire tooth, this is where onlays and 3/4 crowns tend to be helpful. These types of crowns only cover part of the original tooth instead of the whole tooth. 

Why would someone need an onlay or 3/4 crown?

  • The tooth is only partly impacted – Preserving as much of the original tooth as possible is generally the goal, so if only a partial crown is needed, that is generally better and cheaper.
  • The tooth needs to be re-shaped – If part of your tooth cracked due to trauma, or decays then you may need a 3/4 crown to reshape the tooth. This will help with chewing and possibly speaking.

what Are Dental Crowns Made Of?

Dental crowns are made of numerous materials, these can include:

  • Metal – Generally, the hardest and longest lasting crown, great for out of sight teeth like molars.
  • Porcelain fused to metal – Also a tough crown that can be matched to the color of tooth. 
  • All-resin – These caps are generally less expensive, but may be less durable than other crowns.
  • All-ceramic or all-porcelain – These have the best color matches to teeth, and are great for patients with metal sensitivities.
  • Pressed ceramic – These have the best of both worlds, they can be color matched, and still have a tough inner-core that will increase their durability.

Are There Any Risks When Getting A Crown?

There are some risks involved in getting a crown, but they are mostly minor:
  • Discomfort or increased sensitivity – Newly crowned teeth may be sensitive once the anesthetic has worn off. The sensitivity should decrease over time, and the dentist may advise you to use toothpaste designed for sensitive teeth.
  • Chipped crown – Crowns are not indestructible, and they may break depending on the force applied as well as the particular type of material used.
  • Lose crown/falls off – The adhesive cement used by the dentist may erode away, this can allow for bacteria to enter the tooth. If you feel your crown loosen it is advised to contact your dentist sooner than later. If the cement breaks away entirely and the crown may fall off. If the crown becomes completely detached, see a dentist immediately.
  •  Allergic reaction – If you have a allergy to the materials used and you’re not aware of it, you may experience negative symptoms. These allergies are very rare, however, if they do happen you may need a crown made out of another type of material.
  • Dark line next to the gumline – If you have a porcelain-fused-to-metal crown you may see a dark line next to the gums, this is just the metal showing through.

The dentist will always do their best to help lessen the pain of any dental visit. Crowns are not painful and are an unobtrusive procedure. This means minimal heal time and risks.

The 2021 Alberta Dental Fee Guide recommends porcelain-fused-to-metal crowns be priced at $691.15. Smiles Dental Group prices them ALWAYS below the guide, at the time of this blog, they are $662.15.

Traditional porcelain crowns typically take at least 2 visits.

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